There is evidence of dry river beds overlapping with the Hakra channel in Pakistan and the seasonal Ghaggar River in India.

The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilization (3300–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1900 BCE) extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India (see map). There was little to no weapons found in the civilization. They faced so much time with no attacks they had no army. Indus Valley Civilization (UPSC Notes):-Download PDF Here. The Indus civilization apparently evolved from the villages of neighbours or predecessors, using the Mesopotamian model of irrigated agriculture with sufficient skill to reap the advantages of the spacious and fertile Indus River valley while controlling the formidable annual flood that simultaneously fertilizes and destroys.

The Indus Valley Civilization encompassed most of Pakistan, extending from Balochistan to Sindh, and extending iddIdiinto modern day Indian states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana, and Punjab, with an upward reach to Rupar on the upperon the upper Sutlej. The Indus Valley Civilization was established around 3300 BC.
The Indus valley civilization was the largest of four ancient urban civilizations Mesopotamia, Egypt, South Asia, and China. Introduction.

The Indus River Valley was a very peaceful civilization. Indus Valley Civilization.The earliest traces of civilization in the Indian subcontinent are to be found in places along, or close, to the Indus river. The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation (3300–1300 BCE; mature period 2600–1600 BCE) mainly in the northwestern regions of the South Asia, extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India. Along with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia it was one of three early civilizations of the Old World, and of the three the most widespread. Indus Valley Civilization NCERT Notes for the IAS exam. The Indus Valley Civilisation is an important part of ancient Indian history for the IAS exam. ; It flourished around 2,500 BC, in the western part of South Asia, in contemporary Pakistan and Western India. The Indus Valley and Mesopotamian civilizations were similar in some aspects due to their state as river valley civilizations; they did differ in some essential ways. The Hindu Kush Mountains surrounded the civilization to the north and the rest was surrounded water. It was discovered in the 1990’s but most of its ruins remain to be excavated. The history of India begins with the birth of the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC), also known as Harappan Civilization. The reason the Indus River Valley could remain untouched because of its natural barrier. The Indus civilization was huge; it covered from Mumbai (in Marashta, India) in south up to Himalayas and northern Afghanistan in north. ; The Indus Valley was home to the largest of the four ancient urban civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, India and China. It flourished in the basins of the Indus … While these two civilizations have long since gone, they still influence modern culture. Indus Valley Civilization Notes for UPSC.