School climate refers to the quality of school life. Increasingly, research is showing that perceptions of school climate also influence student behavioral and emotional problems. Positive school climate and conditions for learning contribute to improved test scores, attendance, grade promotion, and graduation rates. A welcoming, supportive school climate contributes to students’—and teachers’—social, emotional, and cognitive development. A great deal of research shows that student perceptions of school climate affect academic motivation and achievement. Efforts to improve school climate and safety can also reduce violent behavior and mitigate teacher burnout. Data and Research Methods This article used the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002)1. NSCC’s school climate improvement process is a data-informed, people-driven, and a cyclical five-stage process. Research in Education; Building Blocks for Education . Research suggests that a positive school climate can lead to a significant decrease in the likelihood of crime, aggression, and violent behavior. Our suite of resources enables school communities to build their capacity and expertise in creating and maintaining positive school climates. The National School Climate Council and many researchers have established four factors of school climate. Over the past three decades, researchers and educators have increasingly recognized the importance of K-12 school climate. The School Climate Resource Center supports education leaders and their teams' school climate improvement efforts. these components. Behavioral problems are characterized by acting-out behaviors such as fighting, lying, and cheating. The study

Our approach grows out of NSCC’s experience in working with schools, districts, school networks, state departments of education, as well as research findings. Research has shown that school climate has a significant impact on student learning. 1" " NATIONAL SCHOOL CLIMATE CENTER (NSCC) Educating minds and hearts, because the Three Rs are not enough www.schoolclimate.org SCHOOLCLIMATE" RESEARCH" Developing students with strong character who are connected to their peers, educators, and communities in meaningful ways can improve school climate and prevent violence from occurring.

This summary report builds on previous school climate reviews and details how school climate is associated with and/or promotes safety, healthy relationships, engaged learning and teaching and school improvement efforts. School Climate Surveys. A much more holistic examination of school climate can develop a stronger model for school climate and inform educational stakeholders how to improve student achievement by targeting school climate policies.