It is easy to get this wrong accidentally.
The title: The title should tell the readers “This is what this figure is about” very clearly.

The old adage that a picture tells a thousand words can be very true in research articles. So calling any list or block of text, a "figure" is , generally, incorrect.
Tables and figures are essential components of a research paper. In papers written for classes and submitted to journals, every table and figure should include a caption, honoring these common practices: The caption for a figure appears below the graphic; for a table, above.

However, since a representation may also be classified as a figure, if the list or block of text represents something, e.g Both words are spelled out completely in descriptive legends. Usage. Used correctly, figures provide efficient visual presentations of your qualitative or quantitative findings. The word figure is believed to be synonymous to diagram or depiction. How to write a good legend that makes a figure clear as day, all by itself, in a scientific paper? Several studies, journal guidelines, and discourses on scientific writing 1-10 affirm the critical role that tables, figures, and graphs (or display items) play in enhancing the quality of manuscripts.

Abbreviation of the word "Figure": When referring to a Figure in the text, the word "Figure" is abbreviated as "Fig.

Make it a sentence that summarize the major result seen in the figure. 1. Even before you begin preparing tables and figures for your research manuscript, it is essential for you to understand if and when to use them. Here are some tips to help you present your data better. In any case, use figure elements like color, line, and pattern for effect, not for flash. Journals typically publish figures in black and white, so any information coded by color will be lost to the reader.

Scientific tables and graphs can be utilized to represent sizeable numerical or statistical data in a time- and space-effective manner. Additional information

Used incorrectly, figures and tables can be confusing or even misleading for the reader. ", while "Table" is not abbreviated.

In general usage, it may refer to a shape, drawing or representation. On the other hand, color might be a good choice for papers published to the web or for PowerPoint presentations.

Use active voice, and keep it short.